Cannabis 101

What Are Terpenes? The Sources That Impact Your Experience

Terpenes are an organic combination of carbon and hydrogen that occur naturally in the essential oils of plants. They’re also known as the fragrant compounds that dictate the smell of many plants and it is said that smell keeps predators at bay and attracts pollinators.

Some common plant sources of terpenes include thyme, tea, Spanish sage, cannabis, and citrus fruits like oranges, mandarins, and lemons.
There have been hundreds of terpene compounds discovered in the cannabis plant.

Cannabis cultivators are prioritizing terpenes in their strains to enhance the flavor and scent of their cannabis. Some cannabis strains are particularly rich in terpenes giving them a strong aroma. Interestingly, there are many medicinal uses for cannabis terpenes, which we’ll discuss later in this article.

What Are The Effects of Cannabis Terpenes?

Taste and smell are both subjective experiences that differ from person to person. To have the optimal cannabis experience, you always have to consider what’s best for yourself. Do you prefer flowery scents? Citrusy? Or do you prefer something spicy? It is important to remember, everyone experiences terpenes differently and what may work for you, may not work for someone else.

Additionally, terpenes can provide therapeutic effects such as anti-inflammatory properties, antibacterial properties, and pain relief among other benefits. Cannabis terpenes pack several different scents and flavors into your cannabis. When combined with THC and CBD, terpenes are known to leave you feeling cool and relaxed.

The Entourage Effect – How Do Terpenes Affect Cannabis?

Studies show that CBD alone tends to be less effective than when combined with a small amount of THC and terpenes. This is known as the entourage effect. Cannabinoids along with terpenes can help to increase the effectiveness of cannabis.

A 2011 study found that terpenes with similar aromas usually have similar effects. Some physical benefits terpenes can provide include anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and anti-fungal properties, pain relief, and reduced muscle spasms. The mental3 benefits of terpenes can include reduced symptoms of insomnia, anxiety, stress, and depression.

The Most Common Cannabis Terpenes

Enough of that, let’s get into the fun stuff!



Myrcene is one of the most common terpenes found in cannabis. It has a distinct herbal and citrus aroma. Myrcene also has a sedating effect and is a potential muscle relaxant. Myrcene coupled with THC can reduce pain and inflammation.



Pinene is commonly found in the needles of pine and conifer trees and unsurprisingly has a pine aroma. This terpene has similar anti-inflammatory effects to myrcene. Pinene can also act as a bronchodilator, which helps with conditions such as asthma.

Limonene (Terpene)


Limonene has a citrus aroma and can assist with mental health issues such as anxiety and depression. The aroma of limonene can have mood-elevating properties. It can also have antioxidant properties to help with inflammation.

Caryophyllene (Terpene)


Caryophyllene or β-caryophyllene has a woodsy aroma with tinges of spice. This terpene can be found in black pepper and is known for its anti-inflammatory properties which can help in the treatment of duodenal ulcers.



Humulene gives off an earthy aroma similar to the flavour of the beer. Research suggests that humulene contains anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties.

Linalool (Terpene)


This terpene can be found in a few cannabis strains, but naturally occurs in lavender. Linalool has a strong floral and mild spice aroma. This terpene is mostly used in essential oils for aromatherapy purposes. Ongoing studies have suggested that linalool could help with seizures.

Linalool is also known for its relaxing properties. When it’s consumed along with CBD and THC, linalool can reduce paranoia and anxiety.



Terpineol has a floral aroma that’s reminiscent of lilacs. This terpene is often found in perfumes. Terpineol is known for its strong sedative effects and is commonly used in aromatherapy.


Bisabolol, also called a-bisabolol and levomenol, is a terpene that is known for delivering a fresh floral aroma that sometimes includes a sweet hint of citrus or spice. Discovered and first isolated in 1951, it is commonly used as a fragrance ingredient in cosmetic and dermatological products, including aftershave cream, deodorants, lipstick, and sports creams.

This terpene is found in many plant species other than cannabis, including chamomile (which has been shown to contain up to 50 percent bisabolol), sage, and South American (Brazilian) candela tree.

Medicinal Efficacy of Bisabolol

Bisabolol has been revealed by many research studies to deliver significant medicinal benefits, including skin repair/healing and anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties. Studies have shown that bisabolol conveys additional health benefits, including analgesic (pain management), antibiotic, anticancer, and antioxidant properties.

In addition, bisabolol has demonstrated the unique ability to increase the absorption of other medicinal molecules by the dermal layers of the skin. This makes this terpene a potentially valuable companion ingredient in topical formulations.

Can Terpenes Get You High?

While terpenes can enhance the various beneficial effects of consuming cannabis, they will not get you high on their own. If you were to extract and separate the terpenes from a cannabis plant, you would get a distinct taste. However, consuming terpenes on their own will not produce or give you any noticeable psychoactive effects.

What Is The Use of Cannabis Terpenes?

In the cannabis industry, terpenes are used to concentrate cannabis products and produce new flavor combinations. They’re also used to improve the natural smell and flavor profiles of certain strains. Terpenes can be added to restore some that may have been lost during the plant extraction process.

Many cannabis producers make it a priority to preserve the full cannabinoid and terpene contents of the raw cannabis plant without alteration.

If you have any more questions regarding terpenes or cannabis in general, please feel free to contact us here.

Cannabis 101 Concentrates

Best Sativa Strains To Look Out For in 2022

Have you ever felt relaxed and energized at the same time? If so, kudos! You have tangled with Sativa strains and are here to learn about the best ones to add to your 2022 shopping list.

If you haven’t experienced the benefits of Sativa strains before and are looking to explore, keep reading. Your curiosity led you to the right place.

This article will dive into the list of Sativa strains that will help you reach new peaks with every puff as you tackle day-to-day life.

What is a Sativa Strain?

Marijuana strains generally fall under three main categories: Sativa, Indica, and hybrid.

Sativas are tall plants with long, thin, light green leaves. The effects of Sativa strains depend on several factors, but mainly on the concentration of different cannabinoids (like THC or CBD) and terpenes present in the strain.

A Sativa-dominant strain can either be a pure or Sativa-dominant hybrid. The hybrid derives from crossing Indica and Sativa strains, with Sativa being more present in the strain.

In comparison, pure Sativa strains come from two pure Sativa parent plants with no Indica whatsoever. Those are extremely rare.

Sativa strains are best known for uplifting and energizing experiences and are ideal for daytime use. They offer strong cerebral effects that can help with a creative block and are often used by writers, painters, and artists.

Best Sativa Strains To Look Out For In 2022

It can be challenging to keep up with all the new strains, so here’s a selection of our favorite Sativa strains that you should try in 2022.


With its origins dating back to the early ‘90s, Diesel has been growing in popularity among users. Diesel has a reputation for being one of the best-selling strains on the market with various cross-breeds such as Sour Diesel, Jack Diesel, and NYC Diesel.

Diesel is also famous for its aromatic and flavorful taste. Diesel strains can generate creative and energetic effects that last for quite a long time. This is just one of many reasons why smokers love this strain.

Usage and Effects

Diesel is excellent for relieving stress symptoms by relaxing your mind and body. With its versatility, Diesel is perfect for both daytime and nighttime use. The choice is up to you.

Jack Haze [Jack Herer X Super Silver Haze]

Jack Haze is made by crossing Jack Herer and Super Silver Haze, hence the name. This Sativa-dominant strain provides users with an intense psychoactive effect. The strain also has a pine-like diesel and lemony aroma.

Usage and Effects

This strain, like a strong cup of coffee, will energize and uplift your day. Jack Haze users say they have a more focused mind, feel more energetic, and have better conversations. If you work in a stressful environment, you might want to consider adding this strain to your morning self-care routine.

BC Zaza

After a long week, we all just want to catch a break, relax, and unwind. BC Zaza is just that strain to ease you into the weekend. With a hint of diesel and pine, this strain has a slight earthy smell with notes of blueberry and lemon.

Usage and Effects

BC Zaza stimulates your mind in a calming way and leaves your body in a relaxed, euphoric, and uplifted mood.

Elevate your sleep with this strain — no more tossing and turning in bed, only a well-deserved goodnight’s rest. Just keep a snack by your bedside in case of a munchies emergency in the middle of the night.

Peggy’s Pride

Peggy’s Pride is a high THC Sativa with a unique terpene profile. This is yet another aromatic strain packed with flavors of spicy cinnamon and sweet fruity undertones. This strain is hand-trimmed and dried to preserve its flavor.

Usage and Effects

This flavor-filled strain sure does leave an impression. If you were hosting a party and wanted everyone to have the time of their lives, this would be a great choice.

Or maybe you just needed something to spark your creativity. Peggy’s Pride can leave you feeling inspired so you can finally finish writing that memoir or painting.

Organic Sugar Bush [Ice Queen x Blue Heron]

The Sugar Bush name comes from the maple tree forests in Quebec, the source of maple syrup used to nurture the soil it grows in. What you have here is a strain that is full-bodied and full of aroma, coated with a fruity, skunk scent that will leave you reminiscing about ripe melon and passion fruit.

Usage and Effects

If you’re feeling down, Sugar Bush is the perfect pick-me-up. It amplifies creativity and inspires conversation and social interaction. What better way to relax alongside your friends than with Sugar Bush after a long stressful day at work?

Pineapple Paradise [Pre-98 Bubba Kush X Sour Diesel]

Pineapple Pie is a hybrid strain created by crossing Pineapple E with Pre-98 Bubba Kush. This strain was originally found in Afghanistan, Colombia, Mexico, and South Africa. Its smell can be described as fruity, spicy, earthy, sour, or piney.

Usage and Effects

Pineapple Pie gives a euphoric feeling that sparks creativity yet leaves you feeling calm. This makes it ideal for nighttime use. There is no shame in being a couch potato after a long shift and relaxing with Pineapple Pie in front of your TV as you fall asleep.

Lemon Z [Las Vegas Lemon Skunk X Zkittlez]

Imagine popping open a cold can of lemonade on a sunny day. Refreshing, right? We couldn’t agree more!

Also known as Las Vegas kush, this Sativa-dominant hybrid strain is a crossbreed of Las Vegas Lemon Skunk and Lemon Zkittles (Lemon Z). It has a zesty, sweet, and sour aroma.

Usage and Effects

Lemon Z is best for nighttime use as it leaves you feeling relaxed, sleepy, and refreshed. Many users recommend taking it right before bed so you can get that full 8-hour of sleep.

Green Crush

Used to be known as “Green Crack” and “Mango Crack,” Green Cush is a potent Sativa strain made by crossing Skunk with an Indica strain. It is packed with a tangy, fruity flavor redolent of mango.

Usage and Effects

Have you been working a ton of overtime shifts? Perhaps you are a college student staying up all night studying for tests? If you answered yes to either of those questions, Green Crush may be your ticket to relief.

There aren’t many strains that compare to Green Crush’s intense energy and focus as it induces an exhilarating mental buzz. Many love it for its energizing effects.

Cold Creek Kush [MK Ultra X Chemdawg 91]

Cold Creek Kush is a potent hybrid born from a cross between MK Ultra and Chemdawg 91. In 2010, Cold Creek Kush seeds won 2nd place at Amsterdam’s Cannabis Cup.

Usage and Effects

With a piney and sour aroma, its fresh taste is a favorite among users. The strain helps you to relax without feeling too sleepy. Want to sit back and binge your favorite series? Cold Creek Kush would make an excellent addition to your viewing experience.

Lemon Haze [Silver Haze X Lemon Skunk]

Lemon Haze is a Sativa-dominant hybrid made from crossing Silver Haze and Lemon Skunk, both highly potent strains with cerebral effects. As a result, Lemon Haze Hash has an authentic lemon zesty flavor.

Usage and Effects

Lemon Haze may bring out your chatty, cheerful, and energetic side with its herbal smell relaxing the body and mind.

If you’re an introvert with a wedding to attend, take some Lemon Haze. You may find yourself chatting up a storm with family members you haven’t seen in forever.

Let’s Get Started!

Not sure which one might be right for you? Give them all a try by ordering some today!

Leaf Lab has a wide range of strains to choose from, whether you’re a beginner or an experienced user. Depending on the type of experience you’re looking for, our staff members can guide you.

You can purchase your preferred strains online here or visit our store at 1961 Avenue Road in North York. For your convenience, orders above $50 can be delivered the same day if you’re within 10km from the store.

DISCLAIMER: Everyone experiences cannabis differently as such no claims made in this blog are guaranteed. Effects will vary from user to user.